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Common Diagnoses



The Endometriosis Foundation of America has important information for you to review if you have or suspect you have endometriosis. They include the basics, symptoms, causes. Before any medications are prescribed or procedures conducted, read their thoughts on searching for a doctor.

Columbia University designed an app for Endometriosis called Phendo. Click here for Android or here for iOS. Learn more about Phendo and the university’s research on endometriosis by clicking here.

Male Factor Infertility


  • View a helpful video clip describing causes of male factor infertility.

  • Several tests can be conducted on men, and given 1/3 of infertility cases are male factor, it is important to have them tested as well.

  • Some of the most common tests to be familiar with as part of the Semen Analysis (SA) include volume, concentration, total count, motility, morphology, and possible infections. 

  • Interested in doing an at-home test?  Know that they don't provide the entire picture and as a result, could delay proper diagnosis.

  • The American Society of Reproductive Medicine’s formed a committee opinion for diagnostic evaluation of male infertility. While scientific, it is thorough.



  • Don’t know what it is? This is a helpful, easy-to-read and understand article about what PCOS is. Scroll to the bottom to take your personal assessment.

  • Published August 2018 by Fertility and Sterility with the goal of creating international, evidence-based guidelines, this article speaks to PCOS assessment and management . Go to the “Discussion” section to see their ultimate summary.

  • The American Society of Reproductive Medicine published a paper in 2017 about metformin’s impact on ovulation.

Tubal Factor

  • Hysterosalpingography (HSG) is the standard first-line test to determine if tubal factor is impacting your fertility.  Once the diagnostic test is complete and if an issue is found, you and your doctor can discuss options.

  • What is the role of Tubal Surgery in the era of Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART).  Read ASRM's Committee Opinion 2015​.

Unexplained Infertility

  • This is one of the most challenging diagnoses to hear from your doctor because the path forward feels unclear.  ASRM developed a Fertility Guide for Patients to provide a holistic overview of fertility, which may be of help.  

  • ASRM also states, "In approximately 5% to 10% of couples trying to conceive, all of the above tests are normal and there is no apparent cause for infertility. In a much higher percentage of couples, only minor abnormalities are found that are not severe enough to result in infertility. In these cases, the infertility is referred to as unexplained. Couples with unexplained infertility may have problems with egg quality, tubal function, or sperm function that are difficult to diagnose and/or treat. Fertility drugs and IUI have been used in couples with unexplained infertility with some success. If no pregnancy occurs within three to six treatment cycles, IVF may be recommended."

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